Sha'ban consists of a night which is termed in Shariah as "Laylatul-bara'ah" (The night of freedom from Fire). This is the night occurring between 14th and 15th day of Sha'ban. There are certain traditions of Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, to prove that it is a meritorious night in which the people of the earth are attended by special Divine mercy. Some of these traditions are quoted as follows:
1. Ummul-Mu'mineen 'Aishah, Radi-Allahu anha, is reported to have said, "Once Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, performed the Salah of the night (Tahajjud) and made a very long Sajdah until I feared that he had passed away. When I saw this, I rose (from my bed) and moved his thumb (to ascertain whether he is alive). The thumb moved, and I returned (to my place). Then I heard him saying in Sajdah: 'I seek refuge of Your forgiveness from Your punishment, and I seek refuge of Your pleasure from Your annoyance, and I seek Your refuge from Yourself. I cannot praise You as fully as You deserve. You are exactly as You have defined Yourself.' Thereafter, when he raised his head from Sajdah and finished his salah, he said to me: 'Aishah, did you think that the Prophet has betrayed you?' I said, 'No, O Prophet of Allah, but I was afraid that your soul has been taken away because your Sajdah was very long.' He asked me, 'Do you know which night is this?' I said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He said, 'This is the night of the half of Sha'ban. Allah Almighty looks upon His slaves in this night and forgives those who seek forgiveness and bestows His mercy upon those who pray for mercy but keeps those who have malice (against a Muslim) as they were before, (and does not forgive them unless they relieve themselves from malice).'"
2. In another Tradition Sayyidah' Aishah, Radi-Allahu anha, has reported that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, has said, "Allah Almighty descends (in a manner He best knows it) in the night occurring in the middle of Sha'ban and forgives a large number of people more than the number of the fibers on the sheep of the tribe, Kalb."
Kalb was a big tribe the members of which had a very large number of sheep. Therefore, the last sentence of the hadith indicates the big number of the people who are forgiven in this night by Allah Almighty.
3. In yet another Tradition, she has reported Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, to have said, "This is the middle Night of Sha'ban. Allah frees in it a large number of the people from Fire, more than the number of the hair growing on the sheep of the tribe, Kalb. But He does not even look at a person who associates partners with Allah, or at a person who nourishes malice in his heart (against someone), or at a person who cuts off the ties of kinship, or at a man who leaves his clothes extending beyond his ankles (as a sign of pride), or at a person who disobeys his parents, or at a person who has a habit of drinking wine."
4. Sayyidna Mu'adh ibn Jabal, Radi-Allahu anhu, reports that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, has said: "Allah Almighty looks upon all those created by Him in the middle Night of Sha'ban and forgives all those created by Him, except the one who associates partners with Him or the one who has malice in his heart (against a Muslim)".
Although the chain of narrators of some of these traditions suffers with some minor technical defects, yet when all these traditions are combined together, it becomes clear that this night has some well founded merits, and observing this night as a sacred night is not a baseless concoction as envisaged by some modern scholars who, on the basis of these minor defects, have totally rejected to give any special importance to this night. In fact, some of these traditions have been held by some scholars of hadith as authentic and the defects in the chain of some others have been treated by them as minor technical defects which, according to the science of hadith, are curable by the variety of their ways of narration. That is why the elders of the ummah have constantly been observing this night as a night of special merits and have been spending it in worship and prayers.
What Should be Done in this Night?
In order to observe the Night of Bara'ah, one should remain awakened in this night as much as he can. If someone has better opportunities, he should spend the whole night in worship and prayer. However, if one cannot do so for one reason or another, he can select a considerable portion of the night, preferably of the second half of it for this purpose, and should perform the following acts of worship:
(a) Salah. Salah is the most preferable act to be performed in this night. There is no particular number of Rak'at but preferably it should not be less than eight. It is also advisable that each part of the Salah likeqiyam, rukoo' and sajdah should be longer than normal. The longest surahs of the Holy Qur'an one remembers by heart should be recited in the Salah of this night. If someone does not remember the long surahs, he can also recite several short surahs in one rak'ah.
Salaatul Tasbeeh is perhaps the most famous Salaat performed on auspicious nights. This is how you perform it.
Incase you can't read/see/understand the above The Tasbih to be read in Salaat-Ul-Tasbeeh:
" Subhaan Allahi Wal Hamdulillahi Wa Laa ilaha illal Laahu Wallahu Akbar "
Goal is to recite above Tasbih 300 times in Four Rakah with the following method.
1. In the first rakaat, after reading Sana "Subhaana Kallahumma...", read the above tasbih 15 times.
2. Now recite Aaoz "Aoozubillah...", Bismillah "Bismillah...", Then read sura Fatiha and a Surah or minimum of three small Ayayhs
Now read the tasbih 10 times again.
3. Go to ruku saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar), after reciting "Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem" minimum of three times. Then read the tasbih 10 times in Ruku.
4. Saying "Samee Allahu Liman Hamidah Rabbana Lakal Hamdh" get up from ruku to qiyam (standing) position.
Now read the tasbih 10 times.
5. Go to Sajdah saying Takbeer (Allah Hu Akbar) and after reciting "Subhaana Rabbiyal A'la" minimum of three times
Now read the tasbih 10 times in Sajdah.
6. Now go after first Sajdah go to Jalsa (sitting position) saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar).
Sitting in Jalsa read tasbih 10 times.
7. Go to sajda again saying Takbeer (Allah Hoo Akbar) and after reciting "Subhaana Rabbiyal A'la" minimum of three times
Now read the tasbih 10 times in Sajdah again.
8. Get up to begin 2nd rakat saying Takbeer (Allah Hu Akbar).
9. Do rakah #2 in same fashion, but before reading Bismillah "Bismillah...", and Surah Fatiha, read the tasbih 15 times. Follow the rest as you did in first Rakat.
10. After second Sajdah of Second Rakat sit in Qaidah Oola (first sitting) read Attahiyat, Durood and Dua then get up for 3rd rakaat without saying Salam.
11. Begin third Rakat, just like the first Rakat, with Sana "Subhaana Kallahumma...", read the above tasbih 15 times. Follow the rest as you did in first Rakat untill you sit for Qaidah Akihra (last sitting) after second sajdah of fourth Rakah.
In Qaidah Akihra Attahiyat, Durood, Dua finish Salah with Salam.
Special notes for Salat-Ul-Tasbih:
1) Do not count loudly. It will break Salah
2) Do not count on fingers or by holding a Bead Tasbih in hand. It is Makruh.
3) You may count by pressing the fingers as a reminder. For example if you are in Ruku. You me press pinky of your right hand first for the first count, then the finger next to it for second count, then the middle finger for third count, following this method untill you reach the pinky of left hand will give you an exact count of ten. Use the same method in Qayam, Sajdah and Jalsa.
4) If missed a count then make it up in the next posture. For example if forgot to recite Tasbih after Surah in Qayam. Then you may recite Tasbish 20 times instead of 10 in Rukuh after "Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem". Missed Tasbih cannot be recited in Qayam after ruku and Jalsa between Sajdah. If you missed the Tasbih in Ruku then recite 20 in the first Sajdah instead of the Qayam after rukuh. Similarly if missed the Tasbih in first Sajdah then do not make it up in Jalsa. Instead recite missed tasbih in the second Sajdah. If Tasbih has been missed in last sajdah of second or fourth Rakah then you can recite the missed ones before Attahiyat in Qaidah.
5) If you miss a wajib in Salah and have to do Sajdah Sahaw. You dont have to recite Tasbih in Sajdah sahoo, since the 300 count has been estalished. But if you had missed Tasbih in any of the postures and remeber it now. Then you may recite the missed Tasbih in Sajdah Sahaw now.
6) It is preferable to recite after Surah Fatiha Sura Takathuur in the first raka’, Surah Wal A’sr in the second raka’, Surah Kaferoon (qul ya aiyuhal Kafiroon) in the third and Surah Ikhlas (Qul hu Allah-hu ahd) in the fourth raka’. If one does not remember these surah they can recite the ones they prefer.
(b) Tilawa. The recitation of the Holy Qur'an is another form of worship, very beneficent in this night. After performing Salah, or at any other time, one should recite as much of the Holy Qur'an as he can.
(c) Dhikr. One should also perform dhikr (recitation of the name of Allah) in this night. Particularly Qalbi Zikr. (Learn about it using the links above)
One should recite Salah (durood) on Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, as many times as one can. The dhikr can also be recited while walking, lying on bed and during other hours of work or leisure.
(d) Dua. The best benefit one can draw from the blessings of this night is prayers and supplications. It is hoped that all the prayers in this night will be accepted by our Lord, insha-Allah. Prayer itself is an 'Ibadah, and Allah Almighty gives reward on each prayer along with the fulfillment of the supplicator's need. Even if the purpose prayed for is not achieved, one cannot be deprived of the reward of the prayer which is sometimes more precious than the mundane benefits one strives for. The prayers and supplications also strengthen one's relation with Allah Almighty, which is the main purpose of all kinds and forms of worship.
One can pray for whatever purpose he wishes. But the best supplications are the ones made by Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. These are so comprehensive and all-encompassing prayers that all the human needs, of this world and the Hereafter, are fully covered in the eloquent expressions used in them. Actually, most of the prophetic prayers are so profound that human imagination can hardly match their greatness.
Several books in various languages are available which provide these prophetic prayers, and one should pray to Allah Almighty in accordance with them, whether by reciting their original Arabic text or by rendering their sense in one's own language.
(e) There are some people who cannot perform any additional Salah or recitations for any reason, like illness or weakness or being engaged in some other necessary activities. Such people also should not deprive themselves completely of the blessings of this night. They should observe the following acts:
(i) To perform the Salah of Maghrib, 'Isha' and Fajr with Jama'ah in the mosque, or in their homes in case of their being sick.
(ii) They should keep reciting the dhikr, particularly the one mentioned in para (c) above, in whatever condition they are until they sleep.
(iii) They should pray to Allah for their forgiveness and for their other objectives. One can do so even when he is in his bed.
(f) The women during their periods cannot perform salah, nor can they recite the Qur'an, but they can recite any dhikr, tasbeeh, durood sharif and can pray to Allah for whatever purpose they like in whatever language they wish. They can also recite the Arabic prayers mentioned in the Qur'an or in the hadith with the intention of supplication (and not with the intention of recitation).
(g) According to a hadith, which is relatively less authentic, Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, went in this night to the graveyard of Baqi' where he prayed for the Muslims buried there. On this basis, some of the fuqaha hold it as mustahabb (advisable) in this night to go to the graveyard of the Muslims and recite Fatihah or any other part of the Qur'an, and pray for the dead. But this act is neither obligatory nor should it be performed as regularly as an obligatory act.
Fast of the 15th Sha'ban
On the day immediately following the Night of Bara'ah, i.e. the 15th of Sha'ban, it is mustahabb(advisable) to keep fast. Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, is reported to have recommended this fast emphatically. Although the scholars of hadith have some doubts in the authenticity of this report, yet it is mentioned earlier that the fasts of the first half of Sha'ban have special merits and Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, used to fast most of the days in Sha'ban. Moreover, a large number of the elders (salaf) of the Ummah have been observing the fast of the 15th of Sha'ban. This constant practice indicates that they have accepted the relevant hadith as authentic.
Therefore, it is advisable to fast the 15th of Sha'ban as an optional (nafl) fast. One can also keep a fast ofqada on this day and it is hoped that he can also benefit from the merits of this fast.
What to Recite immediately after Sunset
After sunset, you should recite "La Hawla walaa Quwwata illa Billahil-aliyil
Azeem" forty times with three times Durood Shareef before and after. It is
mentioned that by reciting this, Almighty Allah will forgive forty years of
your sins and forty Hoors will await to serve you in Jannat al-Firdous.
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) has stated: "Verily!
Almighty Allah directs His Special Grace on the world on this Night. He
forgives my Ummah more than the number of wool that is found on the
sheep of the Bani Kalb". We should remember that in those days the Bani
Kalb possessed the most number of sheep that any other tribe.
Visit to the Cemetery
Hadrat Ayesha Siddiqa (radi Allahu ta'ala anha) reports: "One night, which
was the 15th of Shabaan, I did not find the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu
ta'ala alayhi wa Sallam) in the house so I went in search of him. After a long
search, I found him in Baqiah (the cemetery of Madinah) offering Du'a for
the deceased and praying for their forgiveness". (Baihaqi)
A special point must be made to visit the cemetery during this night and
pray for the deceased buried therein, as the Most Beloved Prophet (Salla
Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) is been reported as having visited the cemetery
on this night and spending a long time therein, lamenting, reading and
praying for the deceased.
To keep Fast
According to the Hadith Shareef which is narrated by Ibne Habaan (radi
Allahu ta'ala anhu) that Rasoolullah (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa Sallam)
said: "When the night of 15th Shabaan arrives spend the night awake and
keep fast the next day".
Hadrat Abu Hurairah (radi Allahu ta'ala anhu) reports that the Most
Beloved (salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) of Allah ta'ala said often in his
Khutba (sermon): "O people! Lighten and cleanse your bodies by way of
fasting during Shabaan, so that it shall be easy and helpful to you for the
fast during Ramadan. Whoso fasts for three days during Shabaan, all his
past sins are wiped off". (Baihaqi) Fasting is also recommended on the 13th,
14th and 15th of Shabaan.
70 Worldly needs fulfilled
It is also mentioned that if one reads Surah Dukhan (Surah 44) seven times on this night, Almighty Allah will reward you with 70 worldly needs and 70 deeds for the Hereafter. (Surah Dukhan is only a few pages by the way)
Do not be amongst deprived of Mercy
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa Sallam) said: "Almighty
Allah forgives all Muslims on this night, besides the fortune tellers, the
magicians, the alcoholics, those who disrespect their parents and those
who take part and encourage adultery".
In another narration, the following people have also been mentioned:
1. One who deals in usury (Riba),
2. One who wears his trousers below his ankle with pride and arrogance
(In Arabia, people displayed their wealth and boasted in this manner),
3. One who creates disunity among two Muslims,
4. The person who unjustly takes away the right and property of another
Muslim and has not yet rectified himself.
All these persons are not shown Mercy on this auspicious Night.
A humble appeal to seek pardon and ask Allah's forgiveness
Dear Muslim brothers, the Bountiful Allah in His Infinite Mercy has
provided us with such an auspicious night so that we may take advantage
of it and repent for our sins,and thus obtain His Grace and Favour. It is for
us to take full advantage of it. During this night, offer special prayers and
repent sincerely for our past sins and ask for His Forgiveness.
Also on this night the Doors of Mercy and Forgiveness are opened wide,
and those who sincerely grieve over and repent for their past sins and seek
forgiveness from Allah are pardoned and forgiven by the Grace of Allah the
Each Tasbih or Du'a should begin and terminate with the recital of Durood
Shareef and one who wishes for the acceptance of his Du'as should use the
Wasila of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Salla Allahu ta'ala alyhi wa Sallam).
Hadrat Ghawth al-A'zam, Shaykh Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (radi Allahu anhu)
has mentioned in his famous"Gunyat-ut Talibeen" that the month of Shaban
according to some narrations is related to Rasoolullah (salla Allahu alayhi
wa Sallam). So, it is our duty, as the Ummat of Rasoolullah (Salla Allahu
ta'ala alayhi wa Sallam) to love and respect this month more than any other
month (besides Ramadan). We should also offer abundantly salutations
(Salaat-o-Salaam) upon the Most Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi
While we are praying and asking for ourselves and family, we should also
remember in our Du'as the Muslim Ummah facing calamities in many parts
of the world, that may Allah Ta'ala grant them the strength and Istiqaamat
(steadfastness) in Deen. Those weak Muslims who are under pressure from
the West and modernisation, may Allah Ta'ala guide them and show them
the right path so that they be in touch with their glorious past. Aameen.
May Almighty Allah guide us on the path of the Ambiya and the Awliya.
Other Nafil Salaah to be read on Shab-e-Baraat
Basharat of Jannat : Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) is
reported to have said that Allah Ta'ala instructs and assigns 100 angels to
the person who performs 100 Nafil Salaahs on this auspicious night - 30 of
which will bring the good news of Jannat, 30 angels to protect one from
the Azaab (Punishment) of Dozakh (Hell), 30 to remove all misfortunes and
miseries of this world and 10 angels to protect one from Shaitaan.
The Guardian of Imaan : After performing Maghrib Salaah, read 2 rakaahs
of Nafil. In the first rakaah, after Surah Fatiha, recite Surah Ikhlaas 3 times
and Surah Falaq once.In the second rakaah, after Surah Fatiha, recite Surah
Ikhlaas 3 times and Surah Naas once. After Salam, make Du'a and ask Allah
to protect your Imaan.
Barakah in Rizq : After Maghrib Salaah, read 2 rakaahs of Nafil. Thereafter,
read Surah Yasin once, Surah Ikhlaas 21 times and Du'a Nisf Shabaan once. (see below for dua nisf) Then, make Du'a for Barakah in Rozi and ask Allah not to make you dependent on anyone.
Long Life filled with Piety : After Maghrib Salaah, read 2 rakaahs of Nafil.
Read Surah Yasin once. Then read Du'a Nisf Shabaan once. Thereafter,
make Du'a for long life filled with piety and righteousness.
Reward for ten thousand good Deeds : Anyone who performs 20 rakaahs of
Nafil after Maghrib in such a way that after Surah Fatiha, recites Surah
Ikhlaas 10 times in every rakaah, will be rewarded abundantly by Allah
Ta'ala, and ten thousand good deeds will be recorded in his Amal Namaa
(Book of Deeds).
Death with complete Faith/Imaan :
Anyone who performs 2 rakaahs of Nafil on the last Friday of Shabaan between Maghrib and Esha will die with full aith and Imaan. After Surah Fatiha, one should read Ayatul Kursi once, Surah Ikhlaas 10 times and Surah Falaq and Surah Naas once in both rakaahs. If the person who reads Nafil in such a way dies until the next Shabaan, will die with Imaan, Inshaa-Allah.
DU'A NISF SHA'BAN
On the Holy Night of 15th Shaban, between Maghrib and Isha prayer read Surat Yasin three times, and after each time, read the following du`a. The niyyat (intention) for the first reading should be for long life. The niyyat (intention) for the second reading should be for protection from calamities. The niyyat (intention) for the third Reading
should be for not being needy to anyone except Allah.
Reading of S?rah Yas?n three times;
1) First read with the intention of long life in Islam and faith (im?n);
2) Then read with the intention to ward off affliction from one’s self and from the nation of Muhammad r;
3) Then read with the intention of receiving one’s sustenance without reliance on mankind.
Allahumma Yaa Dhal Manni walaa yumannu 'Alayh
YaaDhal Jalaali wa'l Ikraam
Yaa Dhat-Tawli wa'l In'aam
Laa Ilaaha illa anta
Zahru'llaajeen wa jaaru'l mustajeereen wa amaanu'l khaaifeen
Allahumma in kunta katabtanee 'Indaka fee Ummil Kitabi
Shaqiyyan aw mahruman aw matrudan aw muqattaran 'alayya fi'rrizqi
Shaqaawatee wa hirmaanee wa tardee wa'qtitaara rizqee
Wa-athbitnee 'Indaka fee Ummil Kitabi
Sa'eedan marzuqan muwaffaqan li'lkhayraati Fa Innaka Qulta wa Qawluka'l Haqq
Fee Kitabika'l munzal 'alaa lisaani Nabiyyika'l Mursal
Yamhullahu maa Yashaa'u wa yuthbit
Wa 'Indahu Ummul Kitab
Ilaahi Bittajalli'l A'zam
Fee laylatin-nisfi min shahri Sha'ban al-Mukarram
Allatee yufraqu feehaa kullu amrin hakeemin wa yubram
An takshifa 'annaa mina'l ballaai wa'l balwaai
Maa na'lamu wa maa laa na'lam
Wa anta bihi a'lam
Innaka anta'l A'azzu'l Akram
Wa Sallallahu Ta'ala 'alaa Sayyidina Muhammad-in
Wa 'alaa aalihi wa as'haabihi wa sallam
Wa'l Hamdu Lillahi Rabbi'l 'Aalameen
SUPPLICATION ON THE NIGHT OF 15th SHA'BAN
O Allah! You shower favours on everyone
And no one can do You any favour.
O The Possessor of Majesty and Honour,
O The Distributor of bounty and rewards,
There is no one worthy of worship except You.
You help the fallen
And provide refuge to the refugees And give peace to those who are in fear.
O Allah! If in the Mother of All Books that is with You
You have written me down as someone who is
Doubtful of achieving salvation, or deprived,
Or rejected or without enough sustenance,
Then, O Allah, with Your Grace
Remove all of these misfortunes from me
and in the Mother of All Books that is with You,
establish me as someone who is
blessed, with abundant provision and charitable good deeds.
Indeed, what You said in The Book You sent
Through the tongue of Your Blessed Prophet is true
That Allah changes and establishes what He wants
And with Him is the Mother of All Books.
O My Lord! For the sake of Your Divine Manifestation
On this fifteenth night of the blessed month of Sha'ban
In which You issue all Wise and Irrevocable Decrees
Remove from us all calamities and hardships,
those that we know about as well as those that we don't,
while You know everything.
Truly, You are the Most Powerful, Most Generous.
And may Allah the Exalted shower blessings and peace on
Sayyidina Muhammad, and on his family and his companions
And all praise is for Allah, Lord of the worlds.