الصلوۃ والسلام علیک یارسول اللہ
صَلَّی اللہُ عَلٰی حَبِیْبِہٖ سَیِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدِ وَّاٰلِہٖ وَاَصْحَابِہٖ وَبَارَکَ وَسَلَّمْ
وہ جہنم میں گیا جو ان سے مستغنی ہوا
ہے خلیل اللہ کوحاجت رسول اللہ ﷺ کی
آج لے ان کی پناہ آج مدد مانگ ان سے
پھر نہ مانیں گے قیامت میں اگر مان گیا
کون دیتا ہے دینے کو منہ چاہیے
دینے والا ہے سچا ہمارا نبی ﷺ

Important Articles - Aqaid AhleSunnah Wa Jammat اہم مضا مین ۔ عقا ئد اہل سنت و جما عت

Haazir O Naazir - Present and Witnessing

  Uploaded: Wednesday, May 20, 2015 - 8:33 PM

"In the world, the Shariah meaning of Hazir and Nazir is this that The Holy Prophet whilst being present in one single place sees all the worlds [aalam] as if he was looking at them in the palm of his hand and hears all voices from near and afar, or that in one moment he can travel the whole universe and help those in need of help even if they be hundreds of kos away. Offcourse this is by Will of Allah and Allah's permission as every thing is by Will of Allah

When The Prophet Muhammad [Peace be upon him] is referred to as Hazir it does not mean he is present everywhere at the same time, rather Hazir means the Prophet is Present and the belief is that He is present at his Grave, but can also be present at other places at the any given time as Allah wills.

And By Nadhir it is meant that he is Seeing and Hearing Creation
, and if you have doubts about this being possible for a creation of Allah then you don't have to look too far for other examples, The Angel of Death is able to see the world as it would be on the Palm of a Hand.

Now coming towards proofs 


Objection which is made][hr]

Can any knowledgeable member please clarify this Hadith for me which is often quoted by ppl belonging to a particular group in negation of Hadhir Nadhir...

Volume 8, Book 76, Number 533:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:

The Prophet stood up among us and addressed (saying) "You will be gathered, barefooted, naked, and uncircumcised (as Allah says): 'As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it..' (21.104) And the first human being to be dressed on the Day of Resurrection will be (the Prophet) Abraham Al-Khalil.Then will be brought some men of my followers who will be taken towards the left (i.e., to the Fire), and I will say: 'O Lord! My companions whereupon Allah will say: You do not know what they did after you left them. I will then say as the pious slave Jesus said, "And I was witness over them while I dwelt amongst them..........(up to) ...the All-Wise.'" (5.117-118). The narrator added: Then it will be said that those people (relegated from Islam, that is) kept on turning on their heels (deserted Islam).

In the above hadith, the wording in nearly all of them is LA TADRI which to a modern arab may mean don’t know but in classical Arabic itmeans you don’t know by your own ability- in other words you don’t know by your own investigation but only because Allah revealed it to you. The other point to make here is that when someone asks a question in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah it is not always because they don’t know it is for the saking of educating others.

Now this is a additional reply from my Side 

Even Allah asks questions in Quran even after knowing every thing 

Quranic example #1

Look this ayath

"And what is that in your right hand, O Musa (Moses)?" 
( Taha, Chapter #20, Verse #17)

Quranic example #2

Allah asked Shatan [devil ] a question 

And surely, We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape (the noble shape of a human being), then We told the angels, "Prostrate to Adam", and they prostrated, except Iblîs (Satan), he refused to be of those who prostrate. 
(Allâh) said: "What prevented you (O Iblîs) that you did not prostrate, when I commanded you?" Iblîs said: "I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay." 
[Quran 7: 11-12]

So according to same logic and Hikmah which Allah [swt] used will any one say that Allah [swt] didn't actually knew about Shatan motives or what was in his heart , Naoozbila min zalik.

There are several instances when Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) revealed the unseen and many thing to Sahabas (رضي الله عنه) and many instances when Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) remained silent.

Secondly even in above mention hadith the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) informs about the future in the past which shows that Allah [swt] has already granted Prophet (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) the knowledge of unseen even of this incident. Rest I hope the arabic translation issue is cleared here .

Now to prove the fact that there are No Contradictions in Al Quran and Sahih hadiths I will show the following hadiths, This is a reply from me 

  1. Hadith # 1 Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 10, Number 515: 

    "Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle came out as the sun declined at mid-day and offered the Zuhr prayer. He then stood on the pulpit and spoke about the Hour (Day of Judgment) and said that in it there would be tremendous things. He then said, "Whoever likes to ask me about anything he can do so and I shall reply as long as I am at this place of mine. Most of the people wept and the Prophet said repeatedly, "Ask me." Abdullah bin Hudhafa As-Sahmi stood up and said, "Who is my father?" The Prophet said, "Your father is The Prophet repeatedly said, "Ask me." Then Umar knelt before him and said, "We are pleased with Allah as our Lord, Islam as our religion, and Muhammad as our Prophet." The Prophet then became quiet and said, "Paradise and Hell-fire were displayed in front of me on this wall just now and I have never seen a better thing (than the former) and a worse thing (than the latter)."
  2. Hadith # 2
    Sahih Al Bukhari, Book 3, Number 115:

    "Narrated Um Salama: One night Allah's Apostle got up and said, "Subhan Allah! How many afflictions have been descended tonight and how many treasures have been disclosed! Go and wake the sleeping lady occupants of these dwellings (his wives) up (for prayers). A well-dressed (soul) in this world may be naked in the Hereafter."
  3. Hadith # 3
    Sahih Al Bukhari, Book 23, Number 428:

    "Narrated 'Uqba bin 'Amir: One day the Prophet went out and offered the funeral prayers of the martyrs of Uhud and then went up the pulpit and said, "I will pave the way for you as your predecessor and will be a witness on you. By Allah! I see my Fount (Kauthar) just now and I have been given the keys of all the treasures of the earth (or the keys of the earth). By Allah! I am not afraid that you will worship others along with Allah after my death, but I am afraid that you will fight with one another for the worldly things."
  4. Hadith # 4
    Sahih Al Bukhari, Book 59, Number 411:

    "Narrated Uqba: One day the Prophet went out and offered the (funeral) prayer for the people (i.e. martyrs) of Uhud as he used to offer a funeral prayer for any dead person, and then (after returning) he ascended the pulpit and said, "I am your predecessor before you, and I am a witness upon you, and I am looking at my Tank just now, and I have been given the keys of the treasures of the world (or the keys of the world). By Allah, I am not afraid that you will worship others besides Allah after me, but I am afraid that you will compete with each other for (the pleasures of) this world." 
  5. Hadith # 5
    Sahih Muslim, Book 030, Number 5825: "

    Anas b. Malik reported that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) stood when the sun had passed the meridian and he led them noon prayer and after observing salutations (completing the prayer) he stood upon the pulpit and talked about the Last Hour and made a mention of the important facts prior to it and then said: He who desires to ask anything from me let him ask me about it. By Allah, I shall not move from this place so long as I do not inform you about that which you ask.

  6. Hadith # 6
    Sahih Al Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 22, Number 303:

    "Narrated 'Aisha: Once the sun eclipsed and Allah's Apostle stood up for the prayer and recited a very long Sura and when bowed for a long while and then raised his head and started reciting another Sura. Then he bowed, and after finishing, he prostrated and did the same in the second Raka and then said, "These (lunar and solar eclipses) are two of the signs of Allah and if you see them, pray till the eclipse is over. No doubt, while standing at this place I saw EVERYTHING promised to me by Allah and I saw (Paradise) and I wanted to pluck a bunch (of grapes) therefrom, at the time when you saw me stepping forward. No doubt, I saw Hell with its different parts destroying each other when you saw me retreating and in it I saw 'Amr bin Luhai who started the tradition of freeing animals (set them free) in the name of idols."[/SIZE]
  7. Hadith # 7
    عَن مُعَاذِ بن جَبَلٍ ، رضي الله عنه قَالَ «احْتَبَسَ عَنَّا رَسُولُ الله ذَات غَدَاةٍ مِنْ صَلاَة الصُّبْح حَتَّى كِدْنَا نَتَراءَى عَيْنَ الشَّمْسِ فخَرَجَ سريعاً فَثُوِّبَ بالصَّلاَةِ فَصَلّى رَسُولُ الله وَتَجَوَّزَ في صَلاَتِه، فَلَّما سَلَّمَ دَعا بِصَوْتِهِ فَقَالَ لَنَا: عَلَى مَصَافِّكُمْ كَمَا أَنْتُمْ ثُمَّ انْفَتَلَ إِلَيْنَا ثم قَالَ: أَمَا إِنِّي سَأُحَدِّثُكُمْ مَا حَبَسَنِي عَنْكُم الغَدَاةَ أَنَّي قُمْتُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَتَوَضَّأْتُ فَصَلَّيْتُ مَا قُدِّرَ لِي فَنَعَسْتُ فِي صَلاَتِي حتى اسْتَثْقَلْتُ فإِذَا أَنَا بِرَبِّي تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالى في أَحْسَنِ صُورَةٍ فَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ، قُلْتُ لَبَيَّكَ رَبِّ، قالَ فِيمَ يَخْتَصِمُ المَلأُ الأَعْلَى؟ قُلْتُ: لاَ أَدْرِي رَبِّ قَالَهَا ثَلاَثاً، قَالَ فَرَأَيْتُهُ وَضَعَ كَفَّهُ بَيْنَ كَتِفَيَّ. قَدْ وَجَدْتُ بَرْدَ أَنَامِلِهِ بَيْنَ ثَدْيَيَّ فتجَلَّى لِي كُلُّ شَيْءٍ وَعَرَفْتُفَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ. قُلْتُ لَبَّيْكَ رَبِّ، قَالَ فِيمَ يَخْتَصِمُ المَلأُ الأعْلَى؟ قُلْتُ في الكَفّارَاتِ، قَالَ مَاهُنَّ؟ قُلْتُ مَشْيُ الأقْدَامِ إِلَى الْجَماعَاتِ، وَالْجُلُوسُ في المَسَاجِدِ بَعْدَ الصَّلوات، وإِسْبَاغُ الْوُضُوءِ في المَكْرُوهَاتِ، قَالَ ثُمَّ فِيمَ؟ قُلْتُ: إِطْعَامُ الطَّعَامِ، وَلِينُ الكَلاَمِ، والصَّلاَةُ بِاللّيْلِ والنَّاسُ نِيَامٌ. قَالَ سَلْ، قُلْتُ اللّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ فِعْلَ الْخَيْرَاتِ، وَتَرْكَ المُنْكَرَاتِ، وَحُبَّ المَسَاكِينِ، وأَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي وتَرْحَمَنِي، وَإِذَا أَرَدْتَ فِتْنَةً فِي قَوْمٍ فَتَوَفّنِي غَيْرَ مَفْتُونٍ، وأَسْأَلُكَ حُبَّكَ وَحُبَّ مَنْ يُحِبُّكَ وحُبَّ عَمَلٍ يُقَرِّبُ إلَى حُبِّكَ. قَالَ رَسُولُ الله إِنَهَا حَقٌّ فادْرُسُوهَا ثُمَّ تَعَلّمُوهَا قال أبو عيسى: هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صحيحٌ. سَأَلْتُ مُحَمَّدَ بنَ إِسْماعِيلَ عَن هَذا الحَدِيثِ فَقَالَ هَذَا حديث حسنٌ صحيحٌ
    Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal
    Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) was detained one morning from observing the dawn prayer (in congregation) along with us till the sun had almost appeared on the horizon. He then came out hurriedly and Iqamah for prayer was observed and he conducted it (prayer) in brief form. When he had concluded the prayer by saying As-salamu alaykum wa Rahmatullah, he called out to us saying: Remain in your places as you were.  Then turning to us he said: I am going to tell you what detained me from you (on account of which I could not join you in the prayer) in the morning. I got up in the night and performed ablution and observed the prayer as had been ordained for me. I dozed in my prayer till I was overcome by (sleep) and lo and lo, I found myself in the presence of my Lord, the Blessed and the Glorious, in the best form. He said: Muhammad! I said: At Thy service, my Lord. He said: What these highest angels contend about? I said: I do not know. He repeated it thrice. He said: Then I saw Him put his palms between my shoulder blades till I felt the coldness of his fingers between the two sides of my chest. Then everything was illuminated for me and I recognized everything. He said: Muhammad! I said: At Thy service, my Lord. He said: What do these high angels contend about? I said: In regard to expiations. He said: What are these? I said: Going on foot to join congregational prayers, sitting in the mosques after the prayers, performing ablution well despite difficulties. He again said: Then what do they contend? I said: In regard to the ranks. He said: What are these? I said: Providing of food, speaking gently, observing the prayer when the people are asleep. He again said to me: Beg (Your Lord) and say: O Allah, I beg of Thee (power) to do good deeds, and abandon abominable deeds, to love the poor, that Thou forgive me and show mercy to me and when Thou intendst to put people to trial Thou causes me to die unblemished and I beg of Thee Thy love and the love of one who loves Thee and the love for the deed which brings me near to Thy love. Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: It is a truth, so learn it and teach it.

    ►Transmitted by Ahmad, Tirmidhi who said: This is a "Hasan Sahih" hadith and I asked Muhammad ibn Isma'il (i.e. Imam Bukhari) about this hadith and he said: It is a "Hassan Sahih" hadith. (Sunnan Tirimdhi, Volume No. 5, Page No. 368-369, Tafsir Surah S'ad, Hadith No. 3235)

    Even Hadrat Umar [ra] according to a authentic hadith having reliable chain of narration witnessed acts of Sahabas [ra] and helped them from far away
  8. Hadith # 8
    When Umar ibn Khattab sent out an army, he appointed a man named Sariyah as their leader. Then while Umar was delivering the Khutbah he started shouting, 'O Sariyah, the mountain! O Sariyah, the mountain, the mountain!' Then a messenger from the army came and he questioned him [concerning the army], he said, 'O Leader of the Believers! We met with the enemy and they had [almost] defeated us, then a voice proclaimed, 'O Sariyah, the mountain![يَا سَارِيَ الْجَبَل.]' So we put our backs against the mountain and Allah vanquished them.'

    References and source of above hadith
    مشکوٰة المصابيح : 546) [sunni book of hadith miskat ul masabih ]
    (دلائل النبوّه لأبی نعيم : 507) 
    (کنزالعمال، 12 : 35788)
    ►Abu Nuaym narrated it in Dala’il-un-nubuwwah (p.507)

    ► Khatib Tabrizi, Mishkat ul masabih, b. of fadail (virtues) ch.8 (3:318#5954)

    ► Ibn Asakir in Tahdhib tarikh Dimashq al-kabir generally known as Tarikh/Tahdhib Ibn ‘Asakir

    ►Ibn Kathir in al-Bidayah wan-nihayah (5:210-1) and declared its chain of authorities as excellent and fair (jayyid hasan); 

    ►Asqalani graded its chain of transmission hasan (fair) in al isabah fi tamyiz is sahabah (2:3)

    ► ‘Ali al-Hindi, Kanz-ul-‘ummal (12:571,572,573 #35788-91); 

    ►‘Ajlawni, Kashf-ul-khifa wa muzil-ul-ilbas (2:514#3172);

    ► and Albani in Silsilat-ul-ahadithh-is-sahihah (#1110).

     Ibn Taymiyyah, The Decisive Criterion between the Friends of Allah and the Friends of Shaitain,(page 316)]

  9. Hadith # 9
    Hazrat-e-Salma (Radiallahutala’anhaa) says that once I visited the house of Ummul Momineen Hazrat-e-Umme Salma (Radiallahutala’anhaa).She says that Hazrat-e-Umme Salma was crying.I asked her that "Why are you Crying?".Ummul Momeneen Hazrat-e-Salma (Radiallahutala’anhaa) replied,"I saw Rasulallah

    (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) in my dream, in a state that the blessed Hair and Beard of Rasulallah (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) was coverd with soil. I asked Yaa Rasulallahwhat is the reason behind this state of yours? Rasulallahreplied "Just now I went to the place where my beloved Hussain got Martyred."

    Tirmidhi Sharif,Baab-Manaqib-e-Ahle Bait,Hadith no.1706,Vol 2,Pg 218

    This Proves that Rasulallah (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) has been given power by Allah(عزوجل) to be present(Hazir) with his Jism-e-Mubarak (Body) anywhere he wishes even after he passed away.. SubhaanAllah

  10. Hadith # 10
    · Hazrat Saeed bin Suwaid Narrates that He heard Hazrat Abu Saeed Ansari saying, that Rasulallah said: “When anyone from you enter the Masjid, he should send Salaam on Nabi-e-Kareem
    Abu Dawood sharif, kitaab ul Salaah , Baab Maa yaku lur’rajulu inda Dukhuli’hil Masjid, Hadith no.462,vol no. 1, pg. 217 ;
    Sunan Ibn Majah , Baab ul Dua e inda Dukhulil Masjid , vol 1, Hadith no 818 , Pg. 237]

    This proves that Rasulallah (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) is present in every Masjid. SubhaanAllah!
  11. Hadith # 11

    Narrated by Hazrat Ukba bin Aamir, "The Holy Prophet
    has said, "Hauze-Kauthar is the meeting place (for us) and I see it from here.”

    Mishkaat Sharif, Hadith no 5704, Baabul-Karaamat, Baabu Wafaatin-Nabi Vol. 3.pg no 204
  12. Hadith # 12
    Narated By Hazrat Anas: The Prophet had informed the people of the martyrdom of Zaid, Ja'far and Ibn Rawaha before the news of their death reached. The Prophet said, "Zaid took the flag (as the commander of the army) and was martyred, then Ja'far took it and was martyred, and then Ibn Rawaha took it and was martyred." At that time the Prophet's eyes were shedding tears. He added, "Then the flag was taken by a Sword amongstthe Swords of Allah (i.e. Khalid binWalid and Allah made them (i.e. the Muslims) victorious."

    Sahih Bukhari, Hadith no 1403, Kitaab ul Magazee ,Baboo Gazwa-e-Muta, Jild 2, Pg 621

    Mishkaat Sharif, Kitaab ul Fitan, Baab ul Mujizaat, Hadith no .5635 ,vol no.3, Pg no. 172

    It is ascertained from this that whatever was happening at Beere-Maoona, which is quite some distance from Madina Munawara, was being witnessed by the Holy Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) whilst he was in Madina Munawara.

  13. Hadith # 13

    Hazrat Abu Hurraira reported that Sayyidnah Rasulallah led the prayer for Zuhr. A man who was standing in the last row prayed in wrong manner .After performing the Salaah ,Rasulallahturned towards him and said," "O so and so, Dont you fear Allah? Dont you see how you say your prayers? Do you think that whatever you do is hidden from me? I swear in the name
    of Allah, “I see what is behind me in the same way I see what is in front of me”


    ►Mishkaat Sharif, Hadith no.755, Baabu Taswiyatis-saff, vol 1 , pg no 174 
    Similar narrations by Hazrat Anas bin Maalik is recorded
    ► in Sahih Bukhari , Hadith no 464,pg 178 and Hadith no 476,pg 203, Kitaab ul Azaan ,Vol 3

  14. Hadith # 14
    · Narrated by Usama bin Zaid "Once, the Holy Prophet stood on a bill of Madina Munnawara and asked the Sahaaba, "Do you see what I see?" They submitted "No." He replied, "I see fitna on your homes just as how rain falls on them.
    ► Mishkaat Sharif, Kitaab ul Fitan, Section 1,Hadith no.5152, Vol 3 , pg.8

    This establishes that he was seeing the fitna of Yazeed and Hajjaj bin Yusuf, which were to occur after some time.
  15. Hadith # 15
    · Narrated by Hazrat Ibn Umar "Hadrat Umar sent Hadrat Saariya to Nahaawind as the commander of an army. While performing a Khutba in Madina, he began to proclaim, "Saariya!Take the mountain!" After some time, a messenger from that army arrived and said, "The enemies were just about to defeat us when we heard a voice say, "Saariya Take that mountain!" So we put our backs towards the mountain and Allah( عزوجل)gave them defeat.
    Mishkaat Sharif, Baab ul Karaamat, ,Hadith no.5700, Vol 3 , pg.202
  16. Hadith # 16

    • "The Holy Prophet on the authority of Hazrat Saubaan has said, “ Allah collected the earth for me and I saw the easts and wests of it."

    ► Mishkaat Sharif , Baabu-Fadaaili Sayyidil-Mursaleen with ref to Muslim , Hadith no. 5503, pg.121 , vol 3 
  17. Hadith # 17
    Abu Huraira reported: I heard Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who saw me in a dreamwould soon see me in the state of wakefulness, or as if he saw me in a state of wakefulness, for the satan does not appear in my form.
    (Sahih Muslim ,Book #029, Hadith #5636)

  18. Hadith # 18
    عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه أَنَّ رَسُوْلَ اﷲِ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم قَالَ : مَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ يُسَلِّمُ عَلَيَّ إِلَّا رَدَّ اﷲُ عَلَيَّ رُوْحِي، حَتَّي أَرُدَّ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامَ

    Narated By AbuHurayrah:

    The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: If any one of you greets me, Allah returns my soul to me and I respond to the greeting.
    [Abu Dawud Book 004, Hadith Number 2036: Hadith has Sahih Chain] 
  19. Hadith # 19
    Hadith : Every Human being Meets with Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in grave
    Narrated Al-Bara' ibn Azib:

    We went out with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) accompanying the bier of a man of the Ansar. When we reached his grave, it was not yet dug. So the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sat down and we also sat down around him as if birds were over our heads. He had in his hand a stick with which he was scratching the ground.

    He then raised his head and said: Seek refuge with Allah from the punishment in the grave. He said it twice or thrice.

    The version of Jabir adds here: He hears the beat of their sandals when they go back, and at that moment he is asked: O so and so! Who is your Lord, what is your religion, and who is your Prophet?

    Hannad's version says: Two angels will come to him, make him sit up and ask him: Who is your Lord?

    He will reply: My Lord is Allah. They will ask him: What is your religion? He will reply: My religion is Islam. They will ask him: What is your opinion about the man who was sent on a mission among you? He will reply: He is the Apostle of Allah(peace_be_upon_him). They will ask: Who made you aware of this? He will reply: I read Allah's Book, believed in it, and considered it true; which is verified by Allah's words: "Allah's Book, believed in it, and considered it true, which is verified by Allah's words: "Allah establishes those who believe with the word that stands firm in this world and the next."
    [Sunan Dawud Book 40 Hadith 4735 ]

    Every human being sees Prophet [salehalawalihi wasalam] in Grave
    100s of people die every hour,
     And hundereds are buried in graves, According to authentic hadiths Prophet [salehalawalihi wasalam] visits every one and following Question is asked

    If Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) can visit grave of every person who dies with will of Allah than what is left ?

    Quran says e
    ven Angel of Death is Hadir o Nazir Say: "The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls, then you shall be brought to your Lord." [32:11]
    Tafsir Ibn Khatir proves 
    Angel of death is Hazir o Nadhir too
    حويت له الأرض، فجعلت مثل الطست يتناول منها متى يشاء

    The earth is brought together for him
     and it is like a platter from which he takes whenever he wants.''
    والله ما من بيت فيه أحد من أهل الدنيا، إلا وملك الموت يقوم على بابه كل يوم سبع مرات

    He even visits every house on land
     and under water five times a day

    [Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Surah Sajdah, under verse 11]Arabic link 

    So believing that Angel of death is Hadir o nazir is wrong too 


Now from Classical scholars

Mulla Ali Qari (rah) said 

(If nobody is present in the house then one should say: Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah and Allah's Mercy and blessings) while doing Sharh of this Mullah Ali Qari (rah) writes: “Meaning, because his (Peace Be Upon Him) soul, is present in the house of the Muslims. [Mullah Ali Qari, Sharah ush-Shifah, Volume 002, Page No. 117]

Scanned page of Mullah Ali Qari [rah] book

Mullah Ali Qari on Hadhir o Nadhir: [And he (Nuh) shall reply, ‘Muhammad and his Community’]

Translation:This means that his Community is witness while he vouches for them, but his mention came first out of reverence (للتعظيم). It not Ba’eed (i.e. impossible) that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) is himself witness for Nuh, since it is a context of help and Allah Most High said [When Allah made (His) convenant with the Prophets] until He said [you shall believe in him and you shall help him] (3:81). In this there is a remarkable warning that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) “IS PRESENT AND WITNESSING” in the Greatest Inspection (وفيه تنبيه نبيه أنه حاضر ناظر في ذلك العرض الأكبر), when the Prophets are brought, Nuh being the first, and the latter’s witnesses are brought, namely, this Community.

[Mirqat al-Masabih Sharah Mishqat, Mullah Ali Qari Volume 010, Page No. 210, Published by Dar al-Kutub al-ILmiyah]

scan pages:

And this is particularly about the Aqah Karim (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم), Issue of Awliyas [rah] is different and not irrelevant here, They are nothing infront of Aqah Karim (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم), Btw Mullah ali Qari [rah] in first quote even proves that soul of muslims can be at any place, salam
scans originally from Brother Waseem Ahmed.

I will quote Maktubaat of Imam Rabbani Hadrat Mujadad Alf Sani (رحمة الله عليه) Volume 3 , Maktubaat # 220 here. 

In this chapter Imam Rabbani Hadrat Mujadad Alf Sani (رحمة الله عليه) mentions how many sufis get Kashafats which are very dangerous for them, These kashafats make them think many wrong things which can be very dangerous for their iman. This is indeed a great trial for such sufis. Imam Rabbani Hadrat Mujadad Alf Sani (رحمة الله عليه) mentions all such problems due to such kashafat and than says HE HIMSELF SUFFERED FOR LONG WITH SAME PROBLEM and there was no way out.

Let me Translate the words of Imam Rabbani Hadrat Mujadad Alf Sani (رحمة الله عليه) into english and than show scanned pages 

Quote Starts : Before this Waswafah [thoughts] used to get perished like soil infront of belief and had on value, Infact I used to do Tawbah and Istagfar and pray humbly that such Kashafats as not revealed. And that no kashafats should be revealed if they go against and principle of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jammat.

But one day THIS FEAR overpowered me that I should think about such Kashoofats ,And that I should asked about such things.This Fear made me frustrated and Cause Alot of UNEASYNESS and due to this I prayed Alot infront of Allah. This Condition remained for a LONG TIME .ONE Day in this condition I WENT TO MIZAR [tomb/shrine] of an Awliya and I made the AWLIYA MY HELPER concerning this problem during this time Mercy of Allah came and I was informed about the Reality of the issue,

And then SOUL [Ruh] OF Prophet Muhammad (صلی اللہ علیھ وآلھ وسلم) who is Mercy for All worlds came and GAVE COMFORT TO MY HEART.This informed me that only Qurb of Allah is the real blessing. [continues ][ end quote]

Scans of Volume 3 , Maktubaat # 220


  • Shaikh Abdul-Haqq Muhaddith Dehlwi writes,“
  • The Prophet صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم is informed of the actions and conditions of his Ummat. He grants guidance to those present in his august court and is Haazir & Naazir.-
  • [Mujmaul- Barkaat]
  • Shifaa sharif states “When there is no one in the house to make salaam to, say, “ Salaam be upon you, Yaa Rasulallah, and the mercy and blessings of Allah( عزوجل.)”
  • Shifa Sharif]
  • Mulla Ali Qaari writes
  • in this extract’s explanation, “ This is because the soul (rooh) of the Prophet is Haazir in the homes of Muslims.”
  • [Sharah shifaa.]
  • Imaam Ibnul-Haaj and Imaam Qastalaani writes,
  • Our Ulama have stated that there is no difference between the Prophet’s Life and Demise . He sees his ummah and knows their conditions,intentions and secrets at heart. All this is manifest for him with no obscurity.”-
  • [Madkhal , Mawaahib, Vol.2, Pg 387 respectively]
  • In Mirqaat , Mulla Ali qaari states, “ Imam Ghazzali has said
  • When you enter the Masjid , send Salaam to Rasulallah because he is Present in the Masjids.
  • Imam Qaazi Ayaadh
  • records the following , “It is narrated that Hazrat Alqamah states , “ when I enter the Masjid , I say, “Salaam be upon you, O Prophet and the mercy and blessings of Allah ( عزوجل).&rdquo
  • [Shifa Sharif ]
  • in the ending of Surah Mulk’s commentary, “ Imam Ghazzali states, “ The Holy Prophet has the power to travel the earth accompanied by the souls of his Sahaaba. Many friends of Allah have seen him (do this).”
  • [ Tafseer Roohul-Bayaan ]
  • Imam Jalaaluddin Suyuti writes, “
  • If people hold the belief that the soul of Rasulallah or his likeness attends gatherings

HAZIR-O-NAZIR CONCEPT USED FOR RASOOLULLAH (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)

  1. Some people believe that Allah Ta’ala is “Omnipresent”, that is, Allah Ta’ala is Present and Over-looking at every time and at every place. They believe Allah Ta’ala to be “Haazir” and “Naazir”.
  2. This is not true, as Allah Ta’ala is not bound by time and space. Allah Ta’ala is Present and Seeing from eternity without time and without space.
  3. Allah Ta’ala’s Attributes, namely, Life, Knowledge, Power and Speech, are without time and without place, so are Allah Ta’ala’s other attributes. Allah Ta’ala’s Attributes always exists and will continue to exist till eternity.

  4. There is a great difference between Allah Ta’ala being Present and the souls of His creation being present. No one is present like Allah Ta’ala being Present.
  5. The Angels, the souls of Prophets, the souls of the Awliya Allah and the souls of pious Muslims are present at any place where they are called. They were non-existent, before being present. They will seize to exist after a while. The souls of the creation were absent before it became present there, and will be absent some time later. The presence of the souls is with time and with place.
  6. Now that we have explained the concept of Allah Ta’ala being Present and clarified our position with regards to the station of the souls in this respect, we will explain the concept of Haazir (present) and Naazir (over-looking) of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
  7. It is the belief of the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is given power by Allah Ta’ala to be Haazir and Naazir.
  8. Some persons say that the Ahle Sunnat Wa Jamaat believes that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present like Allah Ta’ala is Present. This is totally false because the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’at does not have such a belief.
  9. The Ulema have used the words “Haazir-o-Naazir” for Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
  10. Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “How then if I brought from each people a Witness and brought you (O Muhammad) as a Witness against these people”. (Sura al-Nisa: 41) This proves that each Prophet is a Witness for his Ummah, for those who accept Allah Ta’ala and those who reject Him. It also proves that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was present before each Ummah, witnessing their deeds. On the Day of Qiyamah, when they will be questioned about their deeds, they will deny it. Then, Allah Ta’ala will bring the Final Messenger (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) as a Witness and he will testify because he was present there when they were practising evil.
  11. Imam Khaazin (radi Allahu anhu) states, “To be a witness means to be ‘Haazir’ or present.” (Tafseer Khaazin)
  12. Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhaddis Delwi (radi Allah anhu) writes: “Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is Haazir-o-Naazir on the deeds of his Ummah”. (Haashiya Akhbarul Akhyaar)
  13. Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “O Prophet! Truly, We have sent you as a Witness, a Bearer of Glad Tidings, and a Warner”. (Sura al-Ahzab: 45) Here Allah Ta’ala says that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is a witness sent by Him concerning men’s doings and how they receive Allah Ta’ala’s Message. In order to give evidence, a witness has to be present and watching. Even in the Court of Law, a witness is asked, “Did you see the incident taking place?”
  14. Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “And the Apostle is a Witness over yourselves.” (Sura al-Baqarah: 144) Commenting on this Ayah, Hazrat Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlwi (radi Allahu anhu) writes: “The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is observing everybody, knows their good and bad deeds, and knows the strength of Imaan of every individual Muslim and what has hindered his spiritual progress.” (Tafsir Azizi)
  15. Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “And keep thy soul content with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His face and let not thine eyes pass beyond them.” (Sura Kahaf: 28) In this verse Allah Ta’ala is asking Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to keep a close watch on those people who seek Him. He is asked to observe them day and night. Note that no limitation has been imposed – “observe them during your life and after you assume a veil of departure”. This is another proof that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is watching us 24 hours a day!
  16. Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran: “The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is closer to the Believers than their own selves”. (Sura al-Ahzab: 6) Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is with every Muslim. (N.B. Not every Muslim, but every “Mu’min” among the Muslims). That is the reason why the non-Mu’mins feel that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah – sallal laahu alaihi wasallam – is far from them. But it is they who are far from the beloved of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is closer to them than they are to their own selves, irrespective of time and place. He is witnessing their deeds. Allah Ta’ala gives this power to him.
  17. It is reported by Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (radi Allahu anhuma) that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Indeed this entire world is in front of me so that I can observe everything in it. I can see everything in this world and everything that will take place till the Day of Qiyamah. I see the entire world as I see the palm of my hand”. (Mawahib-e-Ladunnia) This Hadith Shareef substantiates the belief of the Ahle Sunnah that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is Haazir and Naazir.
  18. Hazrat Qazi Abu Iyaaz (radi Allahu anhu) writes in his “Shifa” that Hazrat Amr bin Dinar (radi Allahu anhu), a Taba’in and Faqih of Makkatul Mukarramah, said: “If you enter a house and find that there is nobody there, say ‘May Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)'”. Writing a commentary on this Hadith Shareef, Hazrat Mulla Ali Qari (radi Allahu anhu) says: “This is so because the soul of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present in every Muslim home”.
  19. Hazrat Ali Hameed Saaidi (radi Allahu anhu) has reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “If any of you enters the Mosque, send Salaams to me, followed by this Du’a: ‘O Allah! Open your Door of Blessing for me'”. (Abu Dawud, Ibne Majah, Baihaqi) This Hadith proves that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present in every Mosque of this world and according to Islam, the entire earth is a Mosque for the Muslims, as reported by Hazrat Jabir bin Abdullah (radi Allahu anhu) that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The entire earth has been made a Mosque for me”. (Bukhari Shareef) Thus, the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is present everywhere on earth!

  20. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has stated, “Whosoever sees me in his dream then he will soon see me while awake.” (Bukhari Shareef; Abu Dawood) Commentating on this Hadith, Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhadith Delhwi (radi Allahu anhu) says: “This is glad tidings for those who see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in their dreams that after arriving from the darkness of the Nafs and the completion of the desires of the body they have reached this stage that in reality, without any veil in the condition of awakeness they will have this opportunity of seeing him just like the Awliyah Allah who see him while awake. In this text, this Hadith proves that it is possible and proper to see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) while awake.” (Ash Atul Lam’aat)

  21. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, “I have been sent towards all the creation of Almighty Allah.” (Sahih Muslim Shareef; Mishkaat Shareef) This Hadith Shareef proves that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is being a witness for those towards whom he was sent as a Prophet.

  22. It is written in an authentic Kitaab: “Even due to much objections and differences in the opinions of the Ulema, one does not have any doubt in this case that without any doubt and illusion, the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is continuosly alive and he is Haazir and Naazir in the A’mal of his Ummat and he gives his mercy towards those who turns towards him and he guides them.” (Maktoobat Shareef bar Haashia Akhbaarul Akhyaar Shareef)

  23. Hazrat Haji Imdaadullah Muhaajir Makki (radi Allahu anhu) writes: “Our Ulema fight in the issue of Meelad Shareef. The Ulema believed in its permissibility as well. When the side of permissibility exists, why then is there so much hardness on this issue? For us, it is sufficient to follow the people of Haramain (Makkah and Medina). At the time of Qiyaam one should not have the belief of Tawallud (that Rasoolullah – sallal laahu alaihi wasallam – is born now). The possibility of the arrival of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in the Meelad assembly is not wrong because the bodily world is restricted to time and place, but the spiritual world is free from both. So the arrival of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is not far from being possible”. (Shamaime Imdaadiya)

  24. Imam Ahle Sunnat, Hazrat Sayed Ahmed Sa’eed Qazmi (radi Allahu anhu) states: “When the word Haazir-o-Naazir is used for Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), it does not mean that the physical body of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is everywhere and that he is present in front of everybody. This in fact means that as the soul exists in every part of the body similarly the light filled reality of the Soul of both the worlds (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) exist in every atom of the worlds. Based on that Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) arrives with his spirituality and lightfulness in many places at one time. Many times, the Pious observe the beauty of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in a state of wakefulness with their physical eyes”. (Taskeenul Khawatir fi Mas’alatil Haazir wan Naazir)

  25. Thus we have learnt that Hazrat Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), through the Light (Noor) of his Prophethood, knows the faith of every faithful and the degree of his Imaan and also the obstacles which stand in the way of a faithful’s spiritual advancement. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) knows our sins, and our spiritual status, and our good and bad deeds, and our sincerity and hypocrisy. His witness is the most acceptable in favour of his Ummah.

  26. The Soul of Hazrat Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) observes all the souls and living beings. The deeds of the Ummah are presented to Hazrat Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) every morning and every evening and the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) recognizes (each member) of his Ummah through their actions, and hence, he would be a witness for them. Hazrat Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is a witness for the Believers over their faith, for the non-Believers over their apostasy and for the hypocrites over their dual character.

  27. There are some mislead individuals who feel it appropriate to believe that Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has been restricted to his Blessed Grave till the Day of Qiyamah and that it is out of his reach to travel wherever he pleases and to make himself present wherever he pleases.

  28. Allah Ta’ala sent all the Prophets to our Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) on the Mi’raj night. He became the Imaam, and they performed two rak’ahs of Salaah. It is thus seen that all the Prophets (alaihimus salaam) made Haaziri (were present) in Musjid al-Aqsa to perform Salaah with our Noble Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) being the Imaam. If Prophets cannot leave their Blessed Graves then how is it that all of the Prophets (alaihimus salaam) were present in Musjid al-Aqsa, on the blessed night of Mi’raj an-Nabi which occured long after the Wisaal of the other Prophets.

  29. Shaikh Abd al-Haqq Muhaddith Dehlwi (radi Allahu anhu) states: “Allah Ta’ala has given the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) the strength and power to go anywhere he likes, he can go with his own body or only in soul. On the earth, in the sky, in the grave and the Holy Prophet’s (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) connection stays with his own shrine.” (Madarijun Nabuwat)

  30. Imam Jalaaluddeen as-Suyuti (radi Allahu anhu) says, “To keep watch of his own followers’ work and to pray for their forgiveness; to pray for their abstention from bad deeds; to come and go in all parts of the world to give auspiciousness; if one pious person dies from his followers then to come and attend his Janazah (funeral), all this is done by the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)”. (Intibahul Azkiyya)

  31. It is recorded that at the time of the call to prayer (Adhan) the Shaitaan runs thirty-six miles away and returns in an instant after the completion of the Adhan. (Mishkaat) How can it be, that Allah Ta’ala’s Beloved, Huzoor-e-Aqdas Muhammad Mustafa (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is confined to his Blessed Grave while Shaitaan is freely running up and down, and that too, at high speeds!

  32. Besides Shaitaan, even Angels have this ability. The Holy Qur’aan says: “…when death comes to any of you, Our Angels take his soul and they do not fail ” (Surah al-Anaam: 61). Relating to this it is written that, “For the Angel of Death the whole of the Earth is like a tray, so that he may take the souls as he pleases. There is no difficulty for the Angel of Death to take souls, even though there are many and at many different places !” (Tafseer Kabir Khazeen; Ruh-ul-Bayaan)

  33. The speed of Jibra’eel (alaihis salaam) is such that, when Nabi Yusuf (alaihis salaam) was thrown into the well, Jibra’eel (alaihis salaam) travelled from Sidratul Muntaha to the bottom of the well. When Nabi Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) was about to sacrifice Nabi Ismail (alaihis salaam) and had his knife on the neck of Nabi Ismail (alaihis salaam), Jibra’eel (alaihis salaam), travelled from Sidratul Muntaha to the earth with a Ram.

  34. The above events relate to an Angel and it’s abilities, but men of Allah (Awliya Allah) are also imbued with such powers. Asaf ibn Barkhiya’s taking the throne of Bilqis (the Queen of Sheba) to Hazrat Sulaiman (alaihis salaam) is also reported in the Holy Quran, Surah Naml, Verses 39 and 40.

  35. It is written in the book “Wahhabiyya”: “Tayy al-masaafa, that is, traversing long distances in a moment, is a Karaama (miracle) bestowed upon Awliya’. It is Waajib to believe in this.”

  36. Ibn Hajar al-Haitami (radi Allahu anhu) wrote in his Fatawa: “The number of those who said that if a Wali (saint) goes to a very distant place in the West (in a short time) after he has performed the evening Salaat and if the sun has not set there yet, he need not perform the evening Salaat for the second time at that place, are many.”

  37. Concerning the questioning (of the dead person) in the grave, the third question that will be asked by the Angels of the grave is, “Ma kunta taqulu fi haqqi hazar rajul” (meaning : “What did you have to say about this person?” (i.e. the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) When this question is asked the veil is removed from the dead person’s eyes so that he can see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) who will be present (Haazir) in the grave. (Mishkaat Shareef; Bukhaari) From this Hadith we learn that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is seen by the dead in person and not in some sort of mental thought, because the word “rajul” that is used in the question, in Arabic grammar refers to a real person made of flesh and bones.

  38. So it is established that every person that dies sees the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in his grave in person. Now, at any given time thousands of people around the world are buried and all these people see the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) at the same time and are asked the same question. This is ample proof that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) by the Grace of Allah Ta’ala can present himself in many places at the same time. All the ‘Ulama of Ahl as-Sunna agree with this.


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